Neofusicoccum Crous, Slippers & A.J.L. Phillips, Stud. Mycol. 55: 247 (2006), Index fungorum number: IF500870

Neofusicoccum is morphologically similar to Botryosphaeria and it is difficult to separate the two genera. Most of the species of the genus had previously been treated as Fusicoccum and dichomera-like synasexual morphs in Neofusicoccum have been used to differentiate from Botryosphaeria. However, this is not a good character to separate these two genera as dichomera-like synasexual morphs have been reported for some Botryosphaeria species and all Neofusicoccum species do not form dichomera-like synasexual morphs (Crous et al. 2006; Liu et al. 2012; Phillips et al. 2013). However, recent studies based on multi-gene phylogenetic analyses showed that Botryosphaeria and Neofusicoccum are distinct genera in Botryosphaeriaceae (Liu et al. 2012; Phillips et al. 2013; Thambugala et al. 2014a).